Arizona Bird Committee

Documenting Arizona's Birds

Checklist of the Birds of Arizona.

This checklist contains 555 species of birds that have been accepted by the Arizona Bird Committee as of December 2015.

This list conforms to the A.O.U. checklist order and nomenclature as of the 55th supplement July 2016.

n = Has bred in Arizona (306 species). A species that has hatched young at least once, however, this does not include hybrid offspring.

[ ] = Species in brackets have not been physically documented in Arizona (6 species)

* = Arizona bird committee review species (161 taxa).

# = Sketch details species (66 taxa)

italics = Species in italics are identifiable forms (64 subspecies)

(int) = Introduced (8 species)

(ex) = Extirpated (4 species) previously bred or presumed to have bred in AZ, but no longer occur naturally. they may have been re-introduced but remain un-established.

Species or subspecies marked with an asterisk or pound sign (*, #) should be documented with photographs and or written details. Reports of Arizona Bird Committee review species (*) may be submitted on-line to the Arizona Bird Committee (ABC) at the Arizona Field Ornithologists Website at :

Subspecies common names are derived from eBird Taxonomy, available online at:


Anatidae - Swans, Geese, Ducks

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, n

Fulvous Whistling-Duck *

Greater White-fronted Goose

Snow Goose

Ross's Goose

Brant *

Cackling Goose #

Minima (minima) form

Taverner's (taverneri) form

Richardson's (hutchinsii) form

Canada Goose, n

Giant (maxima) form

Large (moffitti) form, n

Lesser (parvipes) form

Trumpeter Swan *

Tundra Swan

Wood Duck, n

Gadwall, n

Eurasian Wigeon #

American Wigeon, n

Mallard, n

Northern (platyrhynchos) form, n

Mexican (diazi) form, n

Blue-winged Teal, n

Cinnamon Teal, n

Northern Shoveler, n

Northern Pintail, n

Garganey *

Baikal Teal *

Green-winged Teal, n

Eurasian (crecca) form *

American (carolinensis) form, n

Canvasback, n

Redhead, n

Ring-necked Duck, n

Tufted Duck *

Greater Scaup #

Lesser Scaup

Harlequin Duck *

Surf Scoter #

White-winged Scoter #

Black Scoter *

    Long-tailed Duck #


Common Goldeneye

Barrow's Goldeneye #

Hooded Merganser

Common Merganser, n

Red-breasted Merganser

Ruddy Duck, n

Odontophoridae - Quail

Northern Bobwhite (Masked), n (ex)

Scaled Quail, n

California Quail, n (int)

Gambel's Quail, n

Montezuma Quail, n

Phasianidae - Partridges, Grouse,

and Turkey

Chukar, n (int)

Ring-necked Pheasant, n (int)

Dusky Grouse, n

Wild Turkey, n

Podicipedidae - Grebes

Least Grebe *, n

Pied-billed Grebe, n

Horned Grebe #

Red-necked Grebe #

Eared Grebe, n

Western Grebe, n

Clark's Grebe, n

Columbidae - Pigeons and Doves

Rock Pigeon, n (int)

Band-tailed Pigeon, n

Eurasian Collared-Dove, n (int)

Inca Dove, n

Common Ground-Dove, n

Ruddy Ground-Dove #, n

White-winged Dove, n

Mourning Dove, n

Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Roadrunners,

and Anis

Yellow-billed Cuckoo, n

Black-billed Cuckoo *

Greater Roadrunner, n

Groove-billed Ani *

Caprimulgidae - Nighthawks

and Nightjars

Lesser Nighthawk, n

Common Nighthawk, n

Common Poorwill, n

Buff-collared Nightjar *, n

Eastern Whip-poor-will *

Mexican Whip-poor-will, n

Apodidae - Swifts

[Black Swift] *

Chimney Swift *

Vaux's Swift

White-throated Swift, n

Trochilidae - Hummingbirds

Magnificent Hummingbird, n

Plain-capped Starthroat *

Blue-throated Hummingbird, n

Lucifer Hummingbird #, n

Ruby-throated Hummingbird *

Black-chinned Hummingbird, n

Anna's Hummingbird, n

Costa's Hummingbird, n

Bumblebee Hummingbird *

Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n

Rufous Hummingbird

Allen's Hummingbird #

Calliope Hummingbird

Broad-billed Hummingbird, n

Berylline Hummingbird #, n

Cinnamon Hummingbird *

Violet-crowned Hummingbird, n

White-eared Hummingbird #, n

Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

Black Rail, n

Ridgway's Rail, n

Virginia Rail, n

Sora, n

Purple Gallinule *

Common Gallinule, n

American Coot, n

Gruidae - Cranes

Sandhill Crane, n

Lesser (canadensis) form

    Greater (tabida) form, n

Recurvirostridae - Stilts and Avocets

Black-necked Stilt, n

American Avocet, n

Charadriidae - Plovers

Black-bellied Plover

American Golden-Plover *

Pacific Golden-Plover *

Snowy Plover, n

Semipalmated Plover

Killdeer, n

Mountain Plover, n

Jacanidae - Jacanas

Northern Jacana *

Scolopacidae - Sandpipers and Allies

Upland Sandpiper *

Whimbrel #

Long-billed Curlew, n

Hudsonian Godwit *

Marbled Godwit

Ruddy Turnstone *

Black Turnstone *

Red Knot *

Ruff *

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper *

Stilt Sandpiper



Baird's Sandpiper

Least Sandpiper

White-rumped Sandpiper *

Buff-breasted Sandpiper *

Pectoral Sandpiper

Semipalmated Sandpiper #

Western Sandpiper

Short-billed Dowitcher #

Long-billed Dowitcher

    Wilson’s Snipe, n

Spotted Sandpiper, n

Solitary Sandpiper

Wandering Tattler *

Greater Yellowlegs


Lesser Yellowlegs

    Wilson's Phalarope, n

Red-necked Phalarope

Red Phalarope #

Stercorariidae - Jaegers

Pomarine Jaeger *

Parasitic Jaeger *

Long-tailed Jaeger *

Laridae - Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers

Black-legged Kittiwake *

Ivory Gull *

Sabine's Gull #

Bonaparte's Gull

Little Gull *

Laughing Gull *

Franklin's Gull

Heermann's Gull #

Mew Gull *

Ring-billed Gull

Western Gull *

Yellow-footed Gull *

California Gull

Herring Gull #

Thayer's Gull *

Lesser Black-backed Gull *

Glaucous-winged Gull *

Glaucous Gull *

Least Tern #, n

Gull-billed Tern *

Caspian Tern

Black Tern

Common Tern

Arctic Tern *

Forster's Tern

Royal Tern *

Elegant Tern *

Black Skimmer *

Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds

White-tailed Tropicbird *

Red-billed Tropicbird *

Gaviidae - Loons

Red-throated Loon #

Pacific Loon #

Common Loon

Yellow-billed Loon *

Diomedeidae - Albatrosses

Laysan Albatross *

Procellariidae - Shearwaters

Hawaiian Petrel *

Sooty Shearwater *

[Black-vented Shearwater] *

Hydrobatidae - Storm-Petrels

[Leach’s/Townsend’s/Ainley’s Storm-Petrel] *

Black Storm-Petrel *

Least Storm-Petrel *

Ciconiidae - Storks

Wood Stork *

Fregatidae - Frigatebirds

Magnificent Frigatebird *

Sulidae - Boobies

Blue-footed Booby *

Brown Booby *

Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants

Neotropic Cormorant, n

Double-crested Cormorant, n

Anhingidae - Anhinga

Anhinga *

Pelecanidae - Pelicans

American White Pelican

Brown Pelican

Ardeidae - Bitterns, Herons,

and Egrets

American Bittern, n

Least Bittern, n

Great Blue Heron, n

Great Egret, n

Snowy Egret, n

Little Blue Heron #

Tricolored Heron #

Reddish Egret #

Cattle Egret, n

Green Heron, n

Black-crowned Night-Heron, n

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron *

Threskiornithidae - Ibises

and Spoonbills

White Ibis *

Glossy Ibis *

    White-faced Ibis, n

Roseate Spoonbill*

Cathartidae - New World Vultures

Black Vulture, n

Turkey Vulture, n

California Condor, n (ex)

Pandionidae - Osprey

Osprey, n

Accipitridae - Kites, Eagles, and Hawks

Swallow-tailed Kite *

White-tailed Kite, n

Mississippi Kite, n

Bald Eagle, n

Northern Harrier, n

Sharp-shinned Hawk, n

Cooper's Hawk, n

Northern Goshawk, n

Common Black Hawk, n

Harris's Hawk, n

White-tailed Hawk *

Gray Hawk, n

Red-shouldered Hawk #, n

Broad-winged Hawk #

Short-tailed Hawk *, n

Swainson's Hawk, n

Zone-tailed Hawk, n

Red-tailed Hawk, n

Western (calurus) form, n

Harlan’s (harlani) form #

Krider's (kriderii) form

Fuertes's (fuertesi) form, n

Rough-legged Hawk #

Ferruginous Hawk, n

Golden Eagle, n

Tytonidae - Barn Owls

Barn Owl, n

Strigidae - Typical Owls

Flammulated Owl, n

Western Screech-Owl, n

Whiskered Screech-Owl, n

Great Horned Owl, n

Northern Pygmy-Owl, n

Rocky Mts. (pinicola) form, n

Mountain (gnoma) form, n

    Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl #, n

Elf Owl, n

Burrowing Owl, n

Spotted Owl, n

Long-eared Owl, n

Short-eared Owl

Northern Saw-whet Owl, n

Trogonidae - Trogons

Elegant Trogon, n

Eared Quetzal *, n

Alcedinidae - Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher, n

Green Kingfisher, n

Picidae - Woodpeckers

Lewis's Woodpecker, n

Red-headed Woodpecker *

Acorn Woodpecker, n

Gila Woodpecker, n

Williamson's Sapsucker, n

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker #

Red-naped Sapsucker, n

Red-breasted Sapsucker #

Ladder-backed Woodpecker, n

Downy Woodpecker, n

Hairy Woodpecker, n

Arizona Woodpecker, n

American Three-toed Woodpecker, n

Northern Flicker, n

Yellow-shafted (auratus) form #

Red-shafted (cafer) form, n

Gilded Flicker, n

Falconidae - Caracaras and Falcons

Crested Caracara, n

American Kestrel, n


Taiga (columbarius) form

Prairie (richardsoni) form

Black (suckleyi) form

Aplomado Falcon *, n (ex)

Peregrine Falcon, n

Continental (anatum) form, n

Tundra (tundrius) form

Prairie Falcon, n

Psittacidae - Parrots

Thick-billed Parrot, n (ex) *

Psittaculidae - Lovebirds

Rosy-faced Lovebird, n (int)

Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, n

Tufted Flycatcher, n *

Olive-sided Flycatcher, n

Greater Pewee, n

Western Wood-Pewee, n

Eastern Wood-Pewee *

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher *

Acadian Flycatcher *

Willow Flycatcher, n

Least Flycatcher *

Hammond's Flycatcher, n

Gray Flycatcher, n

Dusky Flycatcher, n

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Cordilleran Flycatcher, n

Buff-breasted Flycatcher, n

Black Phoebe, n

Eastern Phoebe #

Say's Phoebe, n

Vermilion Flycatcher, n

Dusky-capped Flycatcher, n

Ash-throated Flycatcher, n

Nutting's Flycatcher *, n

Great Crested Flycatcher *

Brown-crested Flycatcher, n

Great Kiskadee *

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, n

Tropical Kingbird, n

Couch's Kingbird *

Cassin's Kingbird, n

Thick-billed Kingbird, n

Western Kingbird, n

Eastern Kingbird #

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher #

Tityridae - Becards

Gray-collared Becard *

Rose-throated Becard *, n

Laniidae - Shrikes

Loggerhead Shrike, n

Northern Shrike #

Vireonidae - Vireos

Black-capped Vireo *

White-eyed Vireo #

Bell's Vireo, n

Gray Vireo, n

Hutton's Vireo, n

Yellow-throated Vireo #

Cassin’s Vireo

Blue-headed Vireo *

Plumbeous Vireo, n

Philadelphia Vireo *

Warbling Vireo, n

Red-eyed Vireo *

Yellow-green Vireo *

Corvidae - Jays, Magpies, Crows,

and Ravens

Gray Jay, n

Pinyon Jay, n

Steller's Jay, n

Blue Jay *

Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay, n

Mexican Jay, n

Clark's Nutcracker, n

Black-billed Magpie, n

American Crow, n

Chihuahuan Raven, n

Common Raven, n

Alaudidae - Larks

Horned Lark, n

Hirundinidae - Swallows

Purple Martin, n

Northern (arboricola) form, n

Desert (hesperia) form, n

Brown-chested Martin *

Tree Swallow, n

Violet-green Swallow, n

Northern Rough-winged Swallow, n

Bank Swallow

Cliff Swallow, n

Northern (pyrrhonota) group, n

Southwestern (swainsoni) form, n

Cave Swallow *, n

Barn Swallow, n

Paridae - Chickadees and Titmice

Black-capped Chickadee *

Mountain Chickadee, n

Mexican Chickadee, n

Bridled Titmouse, n

Juniper Titmouse, n

Remizidae - Verdins

Verdin, n

Aegithalidae - Bushtits

Bushtit, n

Sittidae - Nuthatches

Red-breasted Nuthatch, n

White-breasted Nuthatch, n

Pygmy Nuthatch, n

Certhiidae - Creepers

Brown Creeper, n

Troglodytidae - Wrens

Rock Wren, n

Canyon Wren, n

House Wren, n

Northern (aedon) group, n

Brown-throated (brunneicollis) form, n

Pacific Wren #, n

Winter Wren #

Sedge Wren *

Marsh Wren, n

Carolina Wren *

Bewick's Wren, n

Cactus Wren, n

Sinaloa Wren *

Polioptilidae - Gnatcatchers

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, n

Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, n

Black-capped Gnatcatcher #, n

Cinclidae - Dippers

American Dipper, n

Regulidae - Kinglets

Golden-crowned Kinglet, n

Ruby-crowned Kinglet, n

Turdidae - Thrushes

Northern Wheatear *

Eastern Bluebird, n

Western Bluebird, n

    Mountain Bluebird, n

Townsend's Solitaire, n

Brown-backed Solitaire *

Veery *, n

Gray-cheeked Thrush *

Swainson's Thrush, n

Russet-backed (ustulatus) group

Olive-backed (swainsoni) group, n

Hermit Thrush, n

Wood Thrush *

Rufous-backed Robin #

American Robin, n

Varied Thrush #

Aztec Thrush *

Mimidae - Catbirds, Mockingbirds,

and Thrashers

Blue Mockingbird *

Gray Catbird #, n

Curve-billed Thrasher, n

Eastern (curvirostre) group, n

Western (palmeri) group, n

Brown Thrasher #

Bendire's Thrasher, n

Le Conte's Thrasher, n

Crissal Thrasher, n

Sage Thrasher, n

Northern Mockingbird, n

Sturnidae - Starlings

European Starling, n (int)

Bombycillidae - Waxwings

Bohemian Waxwing *

Cedar Waxwing

Ptiliogonatidae - Silky-flycatchers

Phainopepla, n

Peucedramidae - Olive Warbler

Olive Warbler, n

Passeridae - Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow, n (int)

Motacillidae - Wagtails and Pipits

White Wagtail *

Red-throated Pipit *

American Pipit, n

Sprague's Pipit

Fringillidae - Finches and Goldfinches

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch *

Black Rosy-Finch *

Pine Grosbeak, n

House Finch, n

Purple Finch *

Cassin's Finch, n

Red Crossbill, n

White-winged Crossbill *

Common Redpoll *

Pine Siskin, n

Lesser Goldfinch, n

Lawrence's Goldfinch, n

American Goldfinch, n

Evening Grosbeak, n

Calcariidae -Longspurs and Snow Buntings

Lapland Longspur #

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Smith's Longspur *

McCown's Longspur #

Snow Bunting *

Parulidae - Wood Warblers

Ovenbird #

Worm-eating Warbler *

Louisiana Waterthrush #

Northern Waterthrush

Golden-winged Warbler *

Blue-winged Warbler *

Black-and-white Warbler, n

Prothonotary Warbler #

Swainson's Warbler *

Crescent-chested Warbler *, n

Tennessee Warbler #

Orange-crowned Warbler, n

Celata (celata) form *

Orestera (orestera) form, n

Lutescens (lutescens) form

Lucy's Warbler, n

Nashville Warbler

Virginia's Warbler, n

Connecticut Warbler *

MacGillivray's Warbler, n

Mourning Warbler *

Kentucky Warbler *

Common Yellowthroat, n

    Hooded Warbler #

American Redstart, n

Cape May Warbler *

Cerulean Warbler *

Northern Parula, n

Tropical Parula *

Magnolia Warbler #

Bay-breasted Warbler *

Blackburnian Warbler *

Yellow Warbler, n

Northern (aestiva) group, n

Mangrove (erithachorides) form *

Chestnut-sided Warbler #

Blackpoll Warbler *

Black-throated Blue Warbler #

Palm Warbler #

Pine Warbler *

Yellow-rumped Warbler, n

Audubon's (auduboni) form, n

Myrtle (coronata) form

Yellow-throated Warbler *

Prairie Warbler *

Grace's Warbler, n

Black-throated Gray Warbler, n

Townsend's Warbler

Hermit Warbler

Black-throated Green Warbler *

Fan-tailed Warbler *

Rufous-capped Warbler *, n

Canada Warbler *

Wilson's Warbler

Mountain West (pileolata) form

Pacific Coast (chryseola) form

Red-faced Warbler, n

Painted Redstart, n

Slate-throated Redstart *

Yellow-breasted Chat, n

Emberizidae - Emberizine Finches

Green-tailed Towhee, n

Spotted Towhee, n

Pacific (oregonus) group

Rocky Mts. (montanus) group, n

Eastern Towhee *

Rufous-crowned Sparrow, n

    Canyon Towhee, n

Abert's Towhee, n

Rufous-winged Sparrow, n

Botteri's Sparrow, n

Cassin's Sparrow, n

American Tree Sparrow *

Chipping Sparrow, n

Clay-colored Sparrow

Brewer's Sparrow, n

Field Sparrow *

Black-chinned Sparrow, n

Vesper Sparrow, n

Lark Sparrow, n

Five-striped Sparrow, n

Black-throated Sparrow, n

Sagebrush Sparrow, n

Bell's Sparrow

     Lark Bunting, n

Savannah Sparrow, n

Western (nevadensis) group, n

Large-billed (rostratus) form *

Grasshopper Sparrow, n

Western (perpallidus) form, n

Arizona (ammolegus) form, n

Baird's Sparrow

Le Conte's Sparrow *

Nelson's Sparrow *

Fox Sparrow

Red (iliaca) group #

Slate-colored (schistacea) group

Sooty (unalaschcensis) group *

Thick-billed (megarhyncha) group *

Song Sparrow, n

Lincoln's Sparrow, n

Swamp Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow

Harris's Sparrow #

White-crowned Sparrow, n

Gambel's (gambelii) form

Mountain (oriantha) form, n

Golden-crowned Sparrow #

Dark-eyed Junco, n

Oregon (oreganus) group

Pink-sided (mearnsi) form

    White-winged (aikeni) form *

Slate-colored (hyemalis) group

Gray-headed (caniceps) form, n

Red-backed (dorsalis) form, n

Yellow-eyed Junco, n

Cardinalidae - Cardinals, Grosbeaks,

and Buntings

Hepatic Tanager, n

Summer Tanager, n

Scarlet Tanager *

Western Tanager, n

Flame-colored Tanager *, n

Northern Cardinal, n

Pyrrhuloxia, n

Yellow Grosbeak *

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Black-headed Grosbeak, n

Blue Grosbeak, n

Lazuli Bunting, n

Indigo Bunting, n

Varied Bunting, n

Painted Bunting #

Dickcissel #

Icteridae - Icterids

Bobolink *, n

Red-winged Blackbird, n

Eastern Meadowlark (Lilian's), n

Western Meadowlark, n

Yellow-headed Blackbird, n

Rusty Blackbird *

Brewer's Blackbird, n

Common Grackle *

Great-tailed Grackle, n

Bronzed Cowbird, n

Brown-headed Cowbird, n

Black-vented Oriole *

Orchard Oriole #

Hooded Oriole, n

Eastern (cucullatus) group, *

Western (nelsoni) group, n

Streak-backed Oriole *, n

Bullock’s Oriole, n

Baltimore Oriole #

Scott's Oriole, n